Friday, March 27, 2009

THE NEED FOR REVIVAL OF MUSLIMS - PARTS 1 - 5

In the name of Allah (SWT) the Most Compassionate and Most Merciful



THE NEED FOR REVIVAL OF MUSLIMS IN THE WORLD AND THEIR SALVATION IN HEREAFTER



( Part – 1 )



We all believe in the existence of God. The concept of God as described in the Holy Quran is also available in various other religious scriptures. Even Non believers at some point of time must be wondering how come this Cosmos works on its own unless it is programmed to do so? If there is a system, then, sure there has to be someone who is the inventor, owner and Chief of Operations of this system.

When every one believes in the existence of God, then why human beings are divided into so many religions and ethnic groups?

It is our perception of God which distinguishes us from one another. The words ‘god’ and ‘divinity’ are used loosely by many people to an extent that people belonging to Hinduism consider everything existing in this cosmos as god. Christians believe in Trinity and claim Isa (AS) (Jesus Christ) as son of god. Muslims believe in one Almighty God. Even in Muslims, there are many sects who differ in their perception of God.

Some people say that we should not discuss differences of opinions among various religious groups and among Muslim sects as it creates discord among people. Yes, indeed, we should avoid it as a casual talk. If we have to discuss it for a cause, we should do it with wisdom.

Some people say that anyone who proclaims Shahada (Islamic Cradle Testimony) and believes it in heart, is a Muslim. Since Muslim sects do not disagree on the basic faith, they all should be treated as Muslims. This is the reason all sects are allowed to perform Hajj/Umra and visit Prophet (SAWS) mosque in Madina-al-Munawwara. Who will not agree with this opinion? As a matter of fact we should keep peace not only between different Muslim sects, but also between the people of different religions. We can disagree with each other but it should be expressed wisely. Peaceful living is important for our survival on this planet.

Every human being thinks differently as his thinking is influenced by various factors like his upbringing, personal traits, local/cultural environment, educational background, group affiliations, interpretational skills, etc. This is the reason Muslims are divided in various sects throughout the world. All these sects claim that they are on the right path. Many of them claim that they are the real Sunnis (Ahle Sunnat wal Jama’at), the conventional mainstream of Islamic nation.

As per Webster English Dictionary, sect means ‘a group of people sharing a particular religious, philosophical or political opinion, who have broken away from the main body’.

Some Muslim sects passionately propagate their individual views and their interpretations of Quranic verses and claim that what they interpret is the actual Islam. They spend their lives in propagation of their views and baptizing people from other sects and declare people of other sects as infidels, hypocrites, innovators and polytheists. Often their interpretations are based on their individual / group understanding in the meaning of the verses. If their misunderstanding is removed, the subject becomes clear.

It is estimated that there are over 73 major sects and innumerable smaller sub groups of Muslims whose view points on religion differ in many ways.

It is in Hadith - Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) said: “Jews got divided into seventy one groups and Christians got divided into seventy two groups and my nation will get divided into seventy three groups. All the groups will enter the Hell except one. They asked: “Allah’s (SWT) Messenger which one is it? He replied: “Those who will remain on the path on which I and my companions are today” narrated by Abu Dawood, Ibn Majah, and Ahmad.

It is in Hadith - It is narrated on the authority of Abdullaah ibn Amr (RU) that the Prophet (SAWS) said that the (Muslim) Ummah will divide into seventy-three groups; all of them will enter Hell except one, namely, the one that follows the way of the Prophet (SAWS), and that of his companions. (Tirmizi).

As per the Ahadith-e-Nabawi (SAWS) “only one of these sects will be on the right path who will get salvation on the day of Judgment. The rest will be thrown into Hell fire permanently”. In the light of this Hadith, people belonging to 72 sects and innumerable smaller / sub groups are not Muslims in the eyes of Allah (SWT) and His Apostle (SAWS).

Population of Muslim sects and their sub groups in the world is estimated to be over 1.2 billion (1,200,000,000). How can we know the actual number of real Muslims among this huge population? There can be a simple way. If we divide 1.2 billion by 73, we may probably get this figure. (1,200,000,000/73) = 16,438,356. Meaning, about 16.4 million people may be on the right path. But this figure is extremely doubtful because every sect has several sub groups and we do not know which sub group of a sect is on the right path. For our rough calculation, if we consider every sect to have at least 3 sub groups, then to find the actual number of people who are on the right path, we will have to divide 16,438,356 / 3 = 5,479,452. Meaning approximately 5.48 million are real Muslims in the eyes of Allah (SWT). The rest (1,200,000,000 – 5,479,452) = 1,194,520,548 (over 1.194 billion) may be treated as non-Muslims on the Day of Judgment.

The above calculation shows that, out of 1,000 (one thousand) people who claim themselves to be Muslims in the world today, about 4 (four) are possibly the real Muslim in the eyes of Allah (SWT). The remaining 996 are likely to be thrown into hell fire permanently. These are bare facts. People belonging to various sects need to keep their minds open and try to get to the truth rather than insist upon the correctness of their sects’ faith. Every sect and every sub group claims that they are on the right path. How could this be possible? It is plain common sense that 99.6% of the people who call themselves Muslims face imminent danger of rejection by Allah (SWT) in this world and in Hereafter. While we respect each others point of view and try to live in peace and harmony, we need to seriously think of our revival in this world and our salvation on the Day of Judgment.

The above analysis shows that simple acceptance of oneness of Allah (SWT) and the prophet-hood of Mohammad (SAWS), without correct explication and truthful understanding, may not be sufficient for us. The Islamic Cradle Testimony (Kalima Tayyiba) La Ilaha Illallah, Mohammadur Rasulullah [There is no (real) God, but Allah (SWT) and Mohammed (SAWS) is the messenger of Allah (SWT)] looks a simple believe. But indeed it is not like that. We need to find out its accurate implicated meanings and correct our beliefs accordingly.

You ask any non-Muslim in the world as to who is the Prophet of Islam, he will immediately say that Prophet Mohammad (SWAS) is the Prophet of Islam. As many religions came into being before Islam, many non-Muslims may also not mind in accepting the fact that Prophet of Islam (SAWS) is the last prophet. Non-Muslims also believe in oneness of Allah (SWT) in their own interpretations. Then, can they be called Muslims? The answer will be an emphatic No.

In the same way, among the people who call themselves Muslims, if their understanding and belief in the meaning of Islamic Cradle Testimony (Kalima Tayyiba) conflicts with the accurate implicated meanings, they will be regarded as Non-Muslims by Allah (SWT) and His Apostle (SAWS). This is the reason Prophet Mohammed (SAWS) said that out of 73 sects, only one will be on the right path, the rest will go to hell fire.

Generally people do not openly identify themselves with a sect or sub group and claim that they are Muslims even though they follow the beliefs of a particular sect/sub group. Book stores selling Islamic literature are full of religious books with varied interpretation of Islamic believes. The scholars of various sects passionately argue on correctness of their sect’s believes. In this scenario it is not possible for a common man to find the right path. Whoever reads a particular translation of the Holy Quran or religious literature written by a scholar of a particular sect, starts believing in that version and looses the right path permanently.

As has been described above, there are 73 sects in Muslims and unlimited number of sub groups. These include, (i) Kharijis, (ii) Shias, (iii) Marjia, (iv) Mua’tazila, (v) Mutashabbah, (vi) Jahimia, (vii) Bukharia, (viii) Ziraria, (ix) Kilabia, (x) Salafia, (xi) Wahabia, (xii) Ahle Hadith, (xiii) Taliban, (xv) Bohras, (xvi) Ismailia, (xvii) Aga Khanis, (xviii) Mahdavia, (xix) Sunnis, (xx) Deo Bandis, (xxi) Tablighi Jamat, (xxii) Jamat-e-Islami, (xxiii) Ikhwanul Muslimeen, etc., etc. The maximum number of sub groups are in Shias (more than 32), followed by Kharijis, Salafis, Sunnis, etc.

Several sects and their sub groups like Shias, Fatimids, Wahabis, Sunnis, etc. have ruled different countries at different times during the history of Islam. Currently, Shias are ruling in Iran. Jama’at-e-Islami is a powerful political outfit in Pakistan and Bangladesh. Wahabis are ruling most of the Middle East. Wahabi rule started in Saudi Arabia in early 20th century. Since they are economically affluent and Islamic sacred places like Kabatullah in Makka Al-Mukarramah and Masjid-e-Nabawi in Madina Al-Munawwara are under their jurisdiction, this sect enjoys major influence in the Muslim world. Many sub groups of this sect have also come into being.

Conventional Muslims (Sunnis) or Ahle Sunnat wal Jama’at have been the mainstream of Islamic nation throughout the history of Islam. But they have also been divided into many sub groups like, Barelvis, Deo Bandis, Tablighi Jama’t, Jama’t-e-Islami, etc. Deo Bandis, Tablighis and Jama’t Islami, etc., who are closer to Wahabi beliefs, are aggressive in propagation of their specific faiths. Taliban who are a sub group of Wahabis are famous for their militancy. Barelvis are closer to Sufi traditions. Wahabis and certain Sunni Sects who are influenced by Wahabi beliefs are generally intolerant of other sects and regard Barelvis as out of Islam. The Barelvis are equally outspoken in defending their beliefs. There is a great divide between various sects of Shias, Wahabis and Sunnis. Often they get involved in fatal conflicts and many people die on each side. Their mosques have become battle grounds where people are killed in suicide bombings and retaliatory attacks. Iraq is the worst example of this divide in recent history where hundreds of thousands of people have died on each side. Similar is the situation in several other places like Afghanistan, Pakistan, etc. Muslims seem to be in a disintegrated pathetic situation around the world and it looks there is no respite in their down gradation. Even Allah (SWT) and His Apostle (SWAS) seem to have left them alone and their fate seems to have been sealed. Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar.

Nobody could deny the fact that 1.2 billion Muslim population of the world are already facing Hell fire. Are not they facing illiteracy, hunger and humiliation in the World. Are not they seen as threat to the world peace? Are not they haunted by military, police and security agencies throughout the World? They are branded as terrorist and brutally killed and their homes ravaged in wars by powerful nations. Why their Lord is not helping them to live in peace and safety as honorable citizens in the world? There was a time when only 313 unarmed/untrained Muslims prevailed over 1000 fully armed and trained army of Quraish in Badr. There was a time when nominal Muslim armies defeated mighty world powers like Persian Empire and Byzantine Empire. There was a time when over one hundred thousand brutal army personnel of Chengis Khan and their children accepted Islam influenced by the virtuous attributes and morality of their Muslim subjects. Allah (SWT) helped them as they were real Muslims. Why Allah (SWT) is not helping them now? May be because 99.6% of their population has come out of Islamic fold in view of their misguided faith and wrong deeds. Alas! how unfortunate situation is this for such a huge population! They think they are Muslims, but Allah (SWT) and His Apostle (SAWS) do not seem to regard them as such.

O’ Allah (SWT), kindly reveal the facts of things, as they are, and keep us Muslim while dying and unite us with the group of righteous people for the sake of the happiness of your devoted beloved Prophet Mohammed (SAWS). We testify that there is no (real) God, but Allah (SWT), and Mohammed (SAWS) is the messenger of Allah – SWT. O’Allah –SWT, kindly enlighten us with the rightful belief and help us become good Muslims and provide us peace and honor in this world and Prophet’s (SAWS) intercession and salvation on the Day of Judgment. Ameen.

It is important that we think composedly, leaving all our inhibitions, premonitions, prejudices persistence and inflexibilities. The need of the hour is to consolidate rightful faith in Allah (SWT) and His Apostle (SAWS). Allah (SWT) has assured us in Quran that no one can overpower the true believers in the world. Looking at the current state of affairs of the disintegrated Muslim society throughout the world, we need to do a serious soul searching to find out what has gone wrong with us and where we have faltered.

To be on the right path is not the name of monastic life, which is forbidden in Islam. It is not a mystery, or mystical way of life or a spiritual theory/dogma as has been portrayed by some Western writers and ignorant Muslims. It is the middle path of Prophet’s (SAWS) tradition, it is moderation and it is the path of requisite excellence.

There are many issues among various sects that are heatedly debated by their scholars. When we look at their contentions, we realize that their debates and fault finding with each other is because of their misunderstanding. If the misunderstanding is removed, the issue becomes clear. The misunderstandings are like dark massive road blocks. When these are removed, we get the light of truth in which we can walk on the rightful path of Islam and revive ourselves in this world and in Hereafter.

Living in peace and harmony with everyone in this world is a major objective for all of us. Still bigger goal is Salvation in Hereafter. Democratic and progressive Governments throughout the World talk of secularism, keeping religion out of professional life of people in order to achieve peace and harmony among various sections of society. This is good. But, let us think a little further and equip ourselves to live in peace and harmony in Hereafter as well. This is possible when we are pardoned from our lord. Our revival in both the worlds depends on our right belief and good deeds.

Islam treats all human beings as the servants of Allah (SWT). Muslims do not propagate hatred among people. The purpose of Islam is to remove misunderstanding from the minds of all individuals of the World. We have to be stead fast in our faith and hold on to the rope of Allah (SWT) and purify our hearts and minds in the Divine light. We should try to be a role model for others in reformation of their attributes. Our primary Jihad is with our own self which is offensive in nature and is permanent throughout our lives.


(Part - 2)


There are millions of books on Islamic literature written by scholars of various Muslim sects and their sub groups specifying diverse interpretations of the versus of Holy Quran and Hadith. There are many translations of Holy Quran in the market giving divergent views on many important metaphorical verses. It looks scholars of these sects interpret meanings of Quranic versus and Hadith to explicate their points of view. As per Hadith-e-Nabawi (SAWS) out of 72 Muslim sects, only one will be on the right path. In the light of this Hadith, 99.6% of these books are spurious and misleading. Meaning, out of 1000 books of Islamic literature in the market, only 4 may contain correct information.

O’ our Lord do not let our hearts deviate after you have guided us, after you have shown us the (right) path and favor us with your grace. Indeed you, you only are the bestower (of limitless bounties). (Al-e-Imran – 8 )

What are the sources of knowledge about the religion ?

(i) Messengers of Allah (SWT) convey and teach people what is sent to them from Allah (SWT). It is in Quran, O’ Prophet – SAWS convey and teach people what is sent down to you’ (Al-Ma’ida - 67).

(ii) Acting upon the commandments of Allah (SWT) they show to the people the operational and practical side of the religion by elucidating details of Islamic deeds. It is in Quran - ‘ The Apostle Mohammad – SAWS is an exemplary model for - all of you’ . (Al-Ahzab -21)

(iii) Prophets cleanse, purify and reform people from their personal attention. It is in Quran - ‘Certainly Allah –SWT has done a favor on the believers when He sent to them an Apostle – SAWS, from among them, who reads them the divine verses and who purifies them and who teaches them the book and wisdom’ (Aal-e-Imran – 164). At another place in Quran - ‘He is the Lord, who has sent to the unlettered people, from among them, an Apostle, who reads to them divine verses and cleanse them and teaches them the book and wisdom’. ( Al-Jum’a – 2 ). At another place in Quran - ‘ O’our Lord send an Apostle from among them from whom they could hear your book, who would teach them from the divine book and wisdom and purify their hearts’. ( Al-Baqra – 129). This was the supplication of Prophet Ibrahim (AS) while re-building Kaba’a; which Allah (SWT) fulfilled by sending Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) as the seal of Prophets.

From the above, it is clear that Prophets’ undertake the following tasks. (i) They read out to people and teach what is sent down to them from Allah (SWT). This is Quran. (ii) Becoming a practical example they educate people how to carryout Allah’s (SWT) commandments. This is Hadith. (iii) They cleanse and purify people’s hearts by their personal attention and training. This is Purification of Hearts (tazkia Nafs).

What is cleansing and purification of hearts ( tazkia nafs )? It is turning people’s attention away from the darkness of materialism to the light of Islam. What is light of Islam? It is people’s training in (i) sincerity of heart (Ikhlas), (ii) wisdom (Hikmah) of actions, and (iii) Islamic vision. What is Islamic vision? As per the Hadith of Ihsan, (Bukhari wo Muslim) people are commanded to see Allah (SWT) while doing Obligatory Salah. Can anyone visualize Allah’s (SWT) presence when his heart is covered with materialistic darkness? No, you need Islamic light. Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) trained his companions to see in Islamic light. Once you get Islamic vision you become stead fast in faith and deeds and never lose the straight path of Islam.

What is Ihsan? As per the Hadith of Ihsan, we are required to see Allah (SWT) while doing obligatory Salah. It was Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) practice of Praying. He also taught us to see and refrained us from arguing in the meaning of religions vision.

It was Prophet Mohammad’s (SAWS) training which helped his companions to acquire Islamic vision with which they visualized Allah’s (SWT) presence every where every moment. It is in Quran – ‘(He is) Existing everywhere every moment’. At another place in Quran - ‘Wherever you are, He is with you’. (Al-Hadid – 4). At another place in Quran - ‘You turn your face anywhere, you will find Allah-SWT’. ( Al-Baqra – 115 ). At another place in Quran – ‘Allah is the light (existence) of the Heavens and Earth’. (An-Noor -35). At another place in Quran - ‘We (Allah-SWT) are closer to you than your jugular vein’. (Qaf – 16). At another place in Quran – ‘He is in your own self, will you not then see’. (Az-Zariyat – 21).

Among Prophet Mohammad’s (SAWS) companions, some acquired proficiency in Quran teaching and reciting, like Hazrat Othman (ru) and Hazrat Abbas (ru). Some acquired proficiency in the subject of Hadith, like Hazrat Abu Huraira (ra) and Hazrat Abdullah bin Abbas (ru). Some became prominent in cleansing and purification of people’s hearts, like Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique (ru) and Hazrat Ali (ru).

In the light of Hadith of Ihsan, Muslims can be categorized as (1) People of Iman – those who are good at faith but not good at Islamic deeds. (ii) People of Islam – those who are good at Islamic deeds but not good in Islamic faith. (iii) People of Ihsan – those who are good both in Islamic faith and deeds.

Who are Sheikhs of Ihsan? They are friends of Allah –SWT. It is in Quran - ‘Behold the friends of Allah –SWT! On them shall come no fear, nor shall they grieve. These are they, who have believed in Allah –SWT and are mindful of Him (the feeling of closeness of Allah –SWT) and (have consequently abstained from everything evil). To them tidings come (from Allah-SWT) of a happy life both in this world and in Hereafter. The Word of Allah –SWT is never revoked. This in itself is a great felicity’ (Younus – 62- 64). At another place in Quran - ‘Allah –SWT is the guardian of those who believe (in Him). He brings them out of darkness into light’. (Al-Baqarah – 257). What is darkness? Our excessive attention towards materialistic comforts. What is light? It is Islamic vision.

Teaching is different from training. By teaching we increase people’s knowledge. By training we develop their skills. Therefore, in addition to teaching of Quran and Hadith, cleansing and purifying hearts of the people is important for every Muslims. This insulates us from major sins, enlightens our hearts and exposes us to the truth of Islam.

Balanced food and regular physical exercise is required to keep our body fit. Similarly, we need to balance our religious life with performance of daily obligatory prayers and keep all evil desires at bay. Shaikhs’ of Ihsan teach you how to keep our desires at bay. This routine will make our soul (Rooh) stronger with which we become strong in both in Islamic belief and deeds. Look at the strength of the belief of Prophet’s (SAWS) companions. Why they were like that? Because they were trained by Prophet Mohammad (SAWS). When this training and daily routine became scarce and diluted, true faith slipped away from Muslims resulting in their steep downfall in the world.

The first sect which came into being was of Kharijis. Among other issues, Kharijis did not like the authority of Khalifa-e-Islam and started their independent groups. Similarly, Shias did not like the sequence of Khilafah from Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique (ru), to Hazrat Omer (ru), to Hazrat Othman (ru). They claimed that since Hazrat Ali was the cousin of Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) who was married to Hazrata Fatima (ru), the daughter of Prophet Mohammad (SAWS), he should have been made first Khalifa. When it did not happen, they made their separate groups.

Prominent Shaik’s of Ihsan who spent their lives tirelessly in cleansing people’s heart (tazkia nafs) throughout the history of Islam, were generally very famous. Many people visited them to get answers to their religious and other problems. Those who visited, gave a lot of respect not only to the Shaikhs, but to their children, family members and close associates. Shaikh’s close associates failed to understand why they were respected in society. Apparently, they were unaware of the fact that all people are equal in the eyes of Allah (SWT) and His Apostle Mohammad (SAWS). The standard of respect in Islam is Taqwa, religious virtue, abstinence from worldly desires. Looking at the respect they received from the people, they started thinking that they were important and sacred because of their close connection (nisbet) with the Shaikh. They thought their connection with Shaikh was sufficient for them to get salvation. In spite of Shaikhs’ sincere efforts, they did not pay attention to the training, Shaikhs were giving to the people. As the crowd of visitors swelled, sheikhs got busier and found less time to pay active attention towards their families. In such a scenario, many people from outside benefited from Sheikh’s personal attention and training, but the close circle became captivated in ritual side of Islam and lost sight of the important aspect of Ihsan, (purification of their hearts). What happened after the deaths of these Sheikhs? Their children got involved in unnecessary rituals and fell prey to worldly desires.

The situation became more pathetic in successive generations. Great grand children of the Shaiks of Ihsan, did not know what is Taqwa, what is Islamic training. They even lost interest in Quran and Hadith education and fell prey to worldly pursuits. Often they exploited people who came to them for religious and family problems. They proudly celebrated annual “Urs” of their Shaikhs and thought that Shaikh’s connection (nisbet) will take them into heaven without good faith and honest deeds. Since they did not heed to the training of Ihsan when Shaikhs were alive, they were unable to provide answers to people as to why they were doing certain things, like Sama, “Urs”, etc.

The above situation continued for centuries. When people could not get satisfying answers from the successors of prominent Shaikhs of Ihsan (who served Islamic nation tirelessly during their life times), they started thinking in different directions. Some scrupulous selfish people took advantage of this situation and started founding new sects.

There are many reasons for people’s deviation from the straight path of Islam. Some people hated the successors of prominent Shaikhs who were involved in all kinds of wrong doings in the name of religion.
Everywhere, in every era, we find some people indulging in excesses in society in the name of religion, community, group, region, etc. Rather than searching for truthful Shaikhs of Ihsan and get trained, some people alienated themselves from this important aspect of Islam and formed new groups. In their attempt to remove a wrong from society, they committed a bigger blunder. They should have corrected the ills of society without altering Islamic beliefs. It is in Quran – ‘Hold on firmly to the rope of Allah and do not allow differences to occur among yourself ’. (Aale-Imran – 103).

The glaring example of this is Shaikh Abdul Wahab (1699-1792) who considered that Sunnis and other sects of Arabian peninsula were not up to the mark. He revolted against them and founded a new sect. He convinced the monarchy about his new thinking. When this monarchy expanded their rule to the whole of Arab Peninsula, they implemented Salafi rules developed under this sect and declared this was the real Islam. When Sunnis, who were in majority in the Arab world at that time, objected, the monarchy ruthlessly eliminated them from their territory. Hundreds of thousands of people were killed in the conflict which continued for decades. They did not stop at that. They destroyed all traces and everything that was kept as legacy of Islam for centuries.

When we study Islamic history, we come to know that people’s anger against each other became the primary cause of founding of new sects throughout the history of Islam. The current situation is very volatile. New groups, new jama’ats and new theories are coming into being on a weekly basis. The situation has worsened to an extent that we do not know who is real Muslim among this lot.

Whenever a new sect is formed, the founder of those sects and his close followers make sure that they identify themselves differently from other Muslim sects. They take lot of pain in alienating themselves from the practices of other sects. When Wahabi movement succeeded in Arabia, they made sure that they differ with other sects, particularly, Sunnis (their main rivals) in all areas of religious practice.

Sunnis give a lot of respect to Prophet of Islam (SAWS), celebrate his Nativity (birth day), write poetry in his eulogy, arrange Sama programs, recite poetry (Na’at) in his praise in which sometimes music is used and often cry and rapture remembering their Prophet (SAWS). These practices are their show of love for their Prophet (SAWS). They consider their love of Prophet (SAWS) will indeed help them in getting his intercession (Shafa’a) and their ultimate salvation on the Day of Judgment. They arrange Zikr gatherings where they recite various names of Allah (SWT) in chorus in different styles, sometimes sitting in rows, sometimes standing in a circle etc. These practices were adopted by Shaikhs of Ihsan to cleanse and purify people’s hearts and to turn their attention towards Allah (SWT) away from the materialistic world. Sunnis also respect Companions of the Prophet of Islam (SAWS) and well known Shaikhs of Ihsan. Whenever they cook special food, they recite certain verses of Quran before eating, and call it Fateha. They visit the graves of prominent Shaikhs and consider it to be good for their worldly and religious well being. They claim all these practices are proved by Quran and Hadith.

When Wahabi sect came into power, they seem to have made detailed notes of the practices of other sects, particularly their rivals, Sunnis. They stayed away from all of these. Whatever Sunnis did was regarded as Shirk, biddah (innovation). They interpreted Quranic verses and Hadiths to prove their contention. Prophet’s (SAWS) nativity celebrations were banned, graves of prominent As-habe Rasulullah, Prophet Mohammed’s (SAWS) family members and close relatives were razed to the ground and all places of remembrance of Prophet of Islam (SAWS) and his companions were destroyed. In their attempt to equate all people, they started counting Prophets as mere human beings on par with masses. Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) eulogy, reciting of na’at in his praise was regarded as associating divinity with Prophet-hood. This was their way of purifying Islam. When we read the history of Islam it looks that all these reforms were actually the acts of vengeance against other sects of Islam, particularly Sunnis. Soon Wahabism spread leaps and bounds across Arabian Peninsula and Sunnis all over the world were divided into many sub groups.

Similar is the case between Shias and other sects. Whoever came to power, tried to cleanse their territory from other sects. Saudi Arabia, Iran, Afghanistan, etc., are great examples of this cleansing. Previously Iran consisted of a sizeable Sunni population. Now, they are no more. Shia influence also spread leaps and bounds across Arab world and we see many countries in Central Asia dominated by this sect. In recent Shai-sunni scuffle in Iraq, Shias have taken control of Iraq and in this process, hundreds of thousands of people were killed in Iraq. Similarly, entire Afghanistan has been Talibanized at the cost of hundreds of thousands of human lives.

Salafis, Wahabis, Shias, Sunnis and you name any sect, all have been divided into multiple sub sects/groups professing different ideologies and practices throughout the world. Everyone thinks that their sect is on the right path and try to shift blame on other sects for the present state of affairs of Muslims in the world. How can this be true? It is in Quran ‘ These are those who ripped their religion and divided themselves into sects. Allah (SWT) has nothing to do with them. Their matter is with Allah (SWT) and then He will point out to them what (exactly) they were doing (in the World).’ (Al-Ana’am – 159). The Sunnis may have faltered on the important aspect of Ihsan, but Wahabis went a step further and made it an unpardonable sin. Similar is the case with other sects.

Imagine, if we ban physical exercise from a country, what will happen to its citizens. They all will fall sick and soon die of various ailments. Something similar has happened to Muslims. Their souls are critically sick and they have lost track of the straight path. We need to do something about it soon so that we get back to the right path of Islam and acquire both, inner strength of religion, and outer strength, for peaceful living in this world.

O’our Lord ! call us not, to account, if we have forgotten or have fallen into error. Our Lord ! Lay not on us a burden (of responsibilities) such as you have laid on those gone before us. Our Lord ! Lay not on us that which we cannot bear, and overlook our faults; and forgive us; and have mercy on us. You are our protector; help us then against the unbelievers.’ (Al-Baqara – 286).

O’our Lord give us good in this world, and good in the world to follow, and protect us from the punishment of Fire’. ( Al-Baqarah – 201).


(Part – 3)


Faith is the name of certainty, and belief is its reaction. Meaning, faith comes and you believe. Occurrence of faith is not a discretionary thing. By consideration and attention our minds get affected and we start believing. In this, there cannot be an influence or force that can make you believe. It is in Quran – ‘ There is no compulsion in Islam. Truth and untruth is abundantly clear and distinct from each other. Now whoever wishes accepts the faith, whoever wishes reject the faith, negate it ’. (Al-Baqra – 256).

It is in Hadith reported by Bukhari, Muslim and others. It is a long Hadith, therefore only the translation of a part is provided here. It is narrated by Abu Huraira (RU) that one day the Messenger of Allah (SWT) was sitting with his companions and a stranger, in spotless white dress, came to him and sat in front of him like a pupil, and asked him, O’ Prophet (SAWS), tell me what is Iman? The Prophet (SAWS) replied that ‘it is the affirmation of your faith in Allah (SWT), His angels, His books, His meeting (on the Day of Judgment), His messengers, and that you affirm your faith in Resurrection’. The stranger testified it, and asked again, O’ Prophet (SAWS) what is Islam? The Prophet (SAWS) replied that ‘Islam signifies that you worship Allah (SWT) and do not associate anything with Him and you establish Obligatory Salah, and you pay the obligatory Zakah and you observe the fast of Ramadhan’. The stranger testified it, and asked again, O’ Prophet (SAWS) what is Ihsan? The Prophet (SAWS) replied that ‘ you worship Allah (SWT) seeing Him, and in case you fail to see Him, do your prayer knowing fully well that He is seeing you. The stranger testified and asked about the Resurrection to which the Prophet (SAWS) replied in detail and later the stranger left quietly. The Prophet (SAWS) asked his companions to go and look for the stranger and bring him back. When the companions did not find him, the Prophet (SAWS) asked his companions who he was? Then, the Prophet (SAWS) himself replied saying “he was Jibreel (AS) who had come to teach you your religion”.

From this Hadith, following three important states of Muslims are described, (i) Iman – Islamic faith, (ii) Islam – Islamic deeds, and (iii) Ihsan – Excellence of Iman and Islam.

(1) What is Iman (Islamic Faith)? It is the affirmation of our faith in (i) Allah (SWT), (ii) His angels, (iii) His books, (iv) His meeting (on the day of Judgment), (v) His messengers, and that (iv) we affirm our faith in Resurrection.

(2) What is Islam (Islamic deeds)? Islam signifies that (i) we worship Allah (SWT) and (ii) do not associate anything with Him and (iii) we establish Obligatory Salah, and (iv) we pay the obligatory Zakah and (v) we observe the fast of Ramadhan, (vi) (and do the Hajj once in a life time).

(3) What is Ihsan (Excellence in Islamic faith and deeds)? (i) We worship Allah (SWT) seeing Him, and (ii) in case we fail to see Him, we do our prayer knowing well that He is seeing us. We know that it was Prophet Mohammed’s (SAWS) way of praying.


What is the meaning of ‘Faith in Allah (SWT).

There are three degrees of certainties in knowing about a thing. Like, we know that ‘fire’ burns. We acquired this knowledge by reading or listening about it. (i) This is ‘Certainty of Knowledge’. Suppose we have seen a person being burnt in fire. We see how ‘fire’ burns and what happens to the man being burnt. This knowledge is acquired by seeing, which is more certain. (ii) This is known as ‘Certainty of Evidence (Seeing) ’. Then suppose our fingers got burnt in an accident fire. We experience ourselves how ‘fire’ burns. (iii) This is most certain knowledge which is known as ‘Certainty of Truth’.

Generally, people’s knowledge about Allah (SWT) is limited to Certainty of knowledge. This is sufficient for salvation. However, correct knowledge (Ilm-e-Sahih) is a requirement for salvation. If you start believing in concocted stories, or the theories, interpreted by blind hearted people and deny certain essential facts of Allah (SWT), you may run into trouble on the Day of Judgment. It is in Quran. ‘The one who is blind (at heart) in this world will be blind in Hereafter’. (Bani Israel – 72).


People’s thoughts and opinions can be categorized as follows.

(i) A thought or an opinion which exposes the fact of the matter. The thought which is as per the fact of the matter will be ‘truth’.

(ii) A thought or an opinion which is unreal, fabricated and intention less or the thought which is not as per the fact of the matter will be a ‘lie’.

(iii) A thought or an opinion which is not adequately described or, is over described deviating from the truth, or which has been altered or, is not as per the happening, will also be treated as ‘lie’.

(iv) As per Webster’s dictionary, ‘lie’ means, ‘ to deceive by making a false impression'.


If you believe Allah – (SWT) is one, but do not believe in His attributes (Like He is manifest, He is present everywhere every moment), or partially believe in His attributes, or associate creature characteristics like hands, eyes to Him, or associate some of His attributes with creatures, or associate partners or relatives to Him in Divinity, etc., you will fall under the category of ‘lie’ and ‘faithlessness’. This is the reasons Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) said that out of 73 sects of Muslims, only one will be on the right path, the rest will be thrown into Hell fire on the Day of Judgment.


People’s wrong beliefs about Allah (SWT)

(i) Some people deny the facts because of their ignorance. They deny even the existence of a thing if they are unaware of it. Like unbelievers; in their inability to understand the facts of this cosmos, they deny the existence of Almighty God, altogether.

(ii) Some people consider everything in this cosmos is god. They also believe in incarnation and associate Divinity (Uloohiyah ) with some deities/ idols and call them gods. Some people say that whenever the people in the world become bad, god comes on the earth in the shape of Avatars (human beings) and fights with the evil mongers.

(iii) Some people believe that Divinity of Almighty and Servant-hood is combined in one body and claim that Jesus Christ (Isa - AS) is son of god. Meaning, they associate Divinity with Jesus Christ. They believe in Trinity ( three gods ); Father (god) – Son of god – Holy Ghost (god).

(iv) Some people give a body form to Allah (WT) in their minds. In their inability to understand the actual meanings of the verses of the Holy Quran, they think Allah (SWT) has hands, eyes, ears and other body parts (nauzubillahi), but these parts are not like humans. Then how they are? They say Allah (SWT) knows about them. They say Allah (SWT) is sitting on the Empyrean (Arsh) and knows about His creatures only by His knowledge (not by his person).

What is the meaning of ‘knowing by knowledge’? To them, it means that Allah (SWT) is sitting, away from us, on the seventh Heaven, Empyrean (Arsh) and knows that human beings are there on Earth. They are confining and limiting Absolute Existence of Allah (SWT) in a body form, which has hands, eyes. etc. The founder of Salafism, Ibn Taymiyyah believed in this theory. During the time of Ibn Taymiyyah, the famous medieval traveler Ibn Batutah visited him. Ibn Batutah has testified in his book that he visited Ibn Taymiyyah while he was in Damascus Jail. He has written that he witnessed Ibn Taymiyyah on the pulpit saying "every night Allah (SWT) descends to the lower heaven (1st sky) like my descent', and he descended one step down the pulpit". This action of Ibn Taymiyyah shows that he had given a body form to Allah (SWT) in his mind though he never accepted it openly.

Read the following verses of Holy Quran which negate all the above contention.

(i) Whichever side you turn, you will find Allah (SWT); Verily ( in truth ) Allah – (SWT) is Omnipresent (existing everywhere every moment) and Omniscient ( infinitely wise ). ( Al-Baqra – 115 ).

(ii) Transcendent (magnificent) is your Lord, the Lord of All-Greatness, far above what they ascribe to Him’. (As-Saaffaat – 180).

(iii) Wherever you are, He is with you’. (Al-Hadid – 4).

(iv) Allah is the light (existence) of the Heavens and Earth’. (An-Noor -35).

(v) He is in your own self, will you not then see’. (Az-Zariyat – 21).

(vi) We (Allah) are closer to you than your jugular vein’. (Qaf – 16).

(vii) When My servants ask you (O’Prophet – SAWS) concerning Me, ( tell them ) I am ever present ( with them ) and I listen to the call of him that calls Me. (Al-Baqara – 186).

(viii) Nothing, even the weight of a mote lying either in the heavens or in the earth escapes His notice’. (As-Saba – 3).

(ix) Say O’Prophet Allah (SWT) is one. Allah (SWT) is independent. He does not have children. Nobody has given birth to him. Nobody can match Him or equal Him”. (Al-Ikhlas - 1- 4).

(x) He is the First, and the Last, He is the Manifest (apparent) and the Immanent (actually present through out the material world) and is the knower of all things’. (Al-Hadeed – 3).


What is ‘fact’ or ‘factual meaning’ ? In describing a fact or its factual meaning, a word is used for which it is made for.

What is ‘metaphor’ or ‘metaphorical meaning’ ? In metaphor or metaphorical meaning, a word is used which is not meant for its ‘literal’ meaning.

For example, if some one says that ‘Zamil’ has come. It’s factual meaning is that ‘Zamil’ (a person whose name is Zamil) has come. This is ‘fact’ or ‘factual meaning’.

If some one says that the ‘ tiger ’ has come. In this statement, the word ‘tiger’ is not meant to be used for human beings. But, the purport of the statement is, Zamil, who is brave and awesome like a tiger, has come. This is metaphor.

We make several metaphorical statements in our daily lives. Some people say to their wives, ‘Honey, I love you’. Here, the purport of word ‘honey’ is his wife. Some people say to their little kids, ‘you are my ‘morning star’. Here the purport of ‘morning star’ is the child. Similarly, a policeman says to the criminal ‘the hands of the Law are very long, you cannot escape the punishment’. Laws are statements of penal rules, they do not have a physical body or hands. Here the purport is that the law and the law enforcing authorities in this country are so active that the criminal will not be able to escape the punishment.

Metaphors add beauty to our statements. Our lives will be colorless if we do not use metaphor in our day to day lives.

Bilateral agreements in various fields like trade, military, health, environment, etc., are made between sovereign governments of different countries. Many agreements are signed by Ministers of the countries on behalf of their Governments. Suppose an agreement is being signed between United States of America and United Kingdom. The Secretary of State will sign the dotted line which says ‘for the President of United States’. The Foreign Minister of UK will sign the dotted line saying ‘for Her Majesty, the Queen of United Kingdom. This agreement will be treated as officially signed by the US President and UK Queen. You ask the US President about the agreement. If he says that the Secretary of State has signed on his behalf. This is a factual statement. Suppose, to emphasize the importance of the agreement, if the US President says ‘it is not my Secretary of State, I have signed the agreement’. This is metaphor and the purport of the US President is that ‘though the Secretary of State has signed, it was with his full approval and consent and the agreement should be implemented in full’.

We use thousand of metaphorical statements in our daily lives. Some times we say that ‘ I was cured by the Doctor. If I would not found him, I would have been dead’. Here the metaphorical reference is ‘I was cured by the Doctor on Allah’s (SWT) behest ( bi iznillahi ).

Whenever we come across certain verses of Quran for which we need to think before resorting to understand their literal meanings. It is in Quran - "The people who strive in our way, We show and put them on the right path' (Al-An-Kaboot - 69). All Quranic verses are truthful. When we read a verse that needs to be understood by interpreting its meanings, we should first say, "I believe in whatever Allah (SWT) means" then we should strive to find out their meanings. It is important for us to do that. If we take their literal meanings, then we will have deny many other verses of holy Quran on the same subject.

In Ahadith also we find several reference that need to be understood taking into account their intended meanings. Like Hazrat Khaled Ibn Al-Walid (RU) is known as 'Saifullah', the sword of Allah (SWT). Look at the following verses.



(i) (Hazrat Jibreel –AS said) ‘ O’Mariam, the reason I have come to you is to give you a son’ (Maryam - 19).

We know, giving children is Allah (SWT) prerogative. Therefore, the meaning of the verse will be ‘I have come to you from Allah (SWT) to give you the good tidings of a son’.

(ii) [For Jesus Christ (Isa –AS), Allah - SWT says] ‘And when you make a bird-like shape from the mud and blow into it your breath and it gets to life on My behest’. And you cure the person who is blind by birth, and to the person who is suffering from leprosy and you give life to the dead people on My behest. (Al-Ma’ida – 110).

(iii) (Allah - SWT) the Compassionate, is sitting on the Empyrean (Taha -5).

Sitting, standing, walking, etc., are the attributes of human beings and creatures. We cannot associate these attributes with Allah (SWT). He is pure from all such considerations. If we take literal meaning of the word ‘sitting’ in this verse, then, we will have to deny many Quranic verses where Allah (SWT) has said ‘His Existence in unconfined, unlimited’. Therefore, the meaning of the this verse could be ‘ Allah (SWT) – the Compassionate, occupies the seat of power. As a matter of fact Allah (SWT) occupies everything in this Cosmos. Therefore, the actual meanings of this verse will be ‘Allah –SWT is wielding supreme authority’.

(i) His Chair spreads over the Heavens and the Earth. (Al-Baqra – 255).

Chairs, tables etc., are used by human beings. We cannot associate these attributes with Allah (SWT). He is pure from all such considerations. If we take literal meaning of the word ‘Chair’ in this verse, then, we will have to deny many Quranic verses that emphatically negate ascribing human attributes to Allah (SWT). Therefore, the meaning of this verse will be ‘His authority spreads over the heavens and Earth’.

(ii) (O’Prophet –SAWS) ‘You did not throw, when you threw, but Allah (SWT) has thrown. (Infe’al – 17).

Throwing, catching, etc., are human attributes. We cannot impose these attributes on Allah (SWT). The purport of the verse is to emphasize that when you threw handful of sand towards enemy’s armed forces, you did it ‘on My (Allah’s -SWT) behest. The purport of this verse is to emphasize that ‘this is exactly what Allah (SWT) wanted you to do and you (O’Prophet – SAWS) threw (handful of sand) on My behest.

(iii) ‘Certainly, those who are doing ‘the promise of allegiance’ ( b’ait ) to you, O’ Prophet (SAWS), they are actually doing the promise of allegiance to Allah (SWT). Allah’s (SWT) hand is upon their hand. (Al-Fath – 10).

Hands, eyes, ears, etc., are the attributes of human beings and creatures. We cannot associate these attributes with Allah (SWT). He is pure from all such considerations. If we take literal meaning of the word ‘hand’ in this verse, then, we will have to deny many Quranic verses. The purport of the verse is to emphasize that when you (O’Prophet –SAWS) were taking ‘ ba’it ’ from people, you did that ‘on My (Allah’s -SWT) behest. The purport of this verse is to emphasize that ‘this is exactly what Allah (SWT) wanted you to do and you (O’Prophet – SAWS) took ba’it (promise of allegiance) from the people on My behest.


Whenever we come across these type of verses in Holy Quran, we should first say that ‘ I believe in whatever is the purport of Allah (SWT) in this verse. Then, in order, not to get mislead by misunderstanding these verses, we should deduce their meanings as per the fact of the matter. It is in Quran ‘ Nothing is like Him’ (Ash-Shu’ra – 11). We know, we cannot associate human attributes with Allah (SWT). If any reference of human attribute in coming in a Quranic verse for Allah (SWT), we know that this is used as a metaphor.

It is in Quran - ‘When you read Quran, seek protection of Allah (SWT) from the evil Satan’ (An-Nahl – 98). How do we seek this protection? We say “Auzubillahi Minish Shaitanir Rajeem” ( I take refuge of Allah –SWT from the reprobated and reproached Satan). Then we start reading Quran by saying “ Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim” ( In the name of Allah –SWT who is most compassionate and most merciful). Why do we do that? To keep ourselves protected from the evil considerations of Satan which mislead us in our understanding of Quran and Hadith.


(Part – 4)


World religions can be divided into two major categories; Semitic religions and Non Semitic religions. Islam, Christianity and Judaism are Semitic Religions. Non Semitic religions consists of Aryan and Non Aryan groups. Aryan group is sub divided into Vedic and Non Vedic religions. Hinduism is a Vedic religion while Sikhism, Jainism and Buddhism are Non Vedic religions. Non Aryan religions consist of Zoroastrianism, Confucianism, Taoism, Shintoism, etc.

The Semitic religions - Judaism, Christianity and Islam are prophetic religions. The Non-Semitic religions are non-prophetic, except Zoroastrianism which is claimed to be a prophetic religion. There are many communities in the world who follow several religious theories, some believe in the existence of God and some are non-believers.

Idols and deities have been worshiped in the world from time immemorial. These idols carried specific names and are regarded as gods. People worshiped different idols at different times during the history of mankind. History shows that people had been worshiping idols considering them as gods in all continents of the World. New idols were added as the time passed by and people continued their age old practice in one form or other. Greek idol gods were very popular before the advent of Christianity in Europe. Aryans, who came to India from Central Asia used their own idols for worship which were different from aborigine Dravidian population. These traditions are still continuing in modern India.

People have different perceptions about religion and god. Some believe that stars and planets are gods. They ascribe imaginative characteristics with celestial objects. The sun is also worshipped as god. Some people give star signs to human beings as per their birth day calculations. Some people believe in auspicious times and directions. Some people consider in ‘Audait’ (Unique god), ‘Daudait’ (the big god and the cosmos) and ‘Taudait’ ( Parmatma – the big soul or spirit ). The cosmos depends on these three gods. Some people worship everything excepting inorganic matter, vegetation and animals.

Some people believe that Divinity of Almighty and Servant-hood is combined in one body and believe Jesus Christ (Isa -AS ) as son of God. They believe in Trinity; Heavenly Father (God) – Son of God – Holy Ghost. They say that all the three are permanent, absolute and existing on their own, but all the three are one.

Some people believe that God is one, independent, neither beget, nor begotten and there is no one like him, but ascribe creature characteristics, like hands, ears, eyes with him. In their view God has some kind of a body form, hands, eyes, etc. which are known to Him. They say God is sitting in Seventh Heaven and knows about his creatures only by his knowledge.

People use words ‘god’ and ‘religion’ very loosely. Some people call football as religion in Europe. Some people call cricket in India as religion. Some people give extreme importance to a thing in life and call it religion. Some people say love is god, some say work is god and some say money is god.

Some earlier people developed certain moral principles as per the requirements of their times, deviating from the religions they professed. They had large followings during their life time. After their deaths, these principles were gradually developed into full fledged religions. We have several religions in the world that were started in this way.

Some people did not start a new religion. They made new sects within a popular religion. They developed new theories, gave new directions to religious practices and traditions and spent their lives in convincing their dogmas to others. They had small followings in their life time. After their deaths, their followers developed these theories, wrote new books, conducted baptizing campaigns and converted a large number of people into their sects. Soon they became a powerful sect within their religious community. They claimed themselves to be on the right path of the religion and regarded other followers of religion as apostates.

What is authentic religion?

Religion is received through the Prophets and it is a gift of God to the humanity to lead a peaceful life, free from wickedness and immorality. Religion consists of commandments of Almighty.

Who are prophets?

They are human beings appointed by God to communicate His commandments to people. To claim receiving revelations of God is exclusive with the Prophets. Rather, the Prophet cannot move on his own, he cannot talk a word on his own.

It is in Quran – ‘(Prophet Mohammad -SAWS) does not say anything with his self desire, except that this is the revelation which is coming to him (from Allah –SWT)’. (An-Najm – 2).

What is philosophy?

Philosophy originates from human mind and its theories keep on changing. Philosophy has nothing to do with Religion. Terming of philosophy as religion is senseless.

How can you prove the existence of God?

This is a bizarre question in this advanced scientific era. Like some one is asking to prove if the Earth is round or flat? We all believe in the existence of God. Even the Non believers, at some point of time, must be wondering how come this Cosmos works on its own unless it is programmed to do so? If there is a system, then, sure there has to be someone who is the inventor, owner and Chief of Operations of this system.


How can we prove that what we are professing is a true religion and not philosophy?

If someone says that ‘ I belong to certain religion’ , then he has to provide proof of his religion. He needs to prove the tradition from himself to Almighty through the Prophet. He needs to present historical, documented evidence of the Prophet through whom the religion was received from the Almighty.

How can we prove that religious scripture we follow is the word of God?

You have to provide undisputed historical proof of the scripture in its original form and original dialect (language), as disclosed to the Prophet from God. Translated versions, or versions which were altered during various regimes in the past, cannot be regarded as true word of God.

It is in Quran - (Allah –SWT says about the Jews) ‘Have you any hope that they will be true to you (O’Prophet – SAWS) when a party of them used to listen to the Word of Allah (SWT), then used to change it, after they had understood it, knowingly? ( Al-Baqara – 75).

How can we prove that the rules of the religion we follow are actually the commandments of God?

If a person claims ‘it is a rule in his religion’ then he has to prove that it is the commandment of Almighty. He has to provide an undisturbed link of the commandment reaching him from Almighty through the Prophet, in an authentic, documented, historically established chain of narrators / reporters.

If the Creator of this Cosmos is one and over 7 billion people of this world have been created by Him, then should not they all follow only one religion?

The religions of all the Prophets is same which is monotheism (one-ness) of Almighty. There are no differences of teachings among prophets with regard to Allah (SWT)) because all of them are honest. Allah (TSA) is the same who is there from the beginning and who will remain existent eternally. However, differences could be in some practices of prayers and in some divine commandments which change due to change of time.

It is in Quran - ‘Mankind were one community, and Allah (SWT) sent (to them) prophets as bearers of good tidings and as cautioners, and revealed therewith, the Scripture with the truth, that it might judge between mankind concerning that, wherein they differed. And only those to whom (the Scripture) was given differed concerning it, after clear proofs had come to them, through hatred of one another. And Allah (SWT) by His Will guided those who believe in the truth of that, concerning which they differed. Allah (SWT) guides whom He will to the straight path’. (Al-Baqara – 213).

At another place in Quran - (O’ Mohammad – SAWS) We (Allah –SWT) have revealed (sent commandments) to you, as We revealed to Noah (AS), and the Prophets after him, and We revealed to Abraham (AS), Ishmael (AS), Isaac (AS), Jacob (AS) and the offspring of Jacob (AS), and Jesus (AS), and Job (As), and Jonah (As) , and Aaron (As), and Solomon (AS), and We gave to David (AS) Psalms’. (An-Nisa – 163).

Human beings are exclusive creatures of Allah (SWT). They are provided with seven basic attributes (i) Life, (ii) Knowledge, (iii) Will, (iv) Power, (v) Seeing, (vi) Listening and (vii) Speaking. In addition, they have been provided with intelligence to differentiate between good and bad. Through prophets, Allah (SWT) has shown them the right path, walking on which they can reach Him. Humans are told that if they do good deeds, they will get rewarded. If the commit evil, they will be subject to torment. The period of their life is a test time for them. Whoever passes this test will spend their next life in heaven. Every thing in this world has been made subordinated to humans. It is in Quran – ‘Whatever is there in skies and earth, We made them subdued and subordinated (to Human beings)’. (Al-Jasia – 13).

Humans have been given freedom of action. It is in Quran – ‘ There is no compulsion in Islam. Truth and untruth is abundantly clear and distinct from each other. Now whoever wishes accepts the faith, whoever wishes reject the faith, negate it ’. (Al-Baqra – 256).

People took advantage of the freedom of choice and in their short sightedness started doing evil things for their lust and material comforts. In their desire for some worldly comforts, fame, leadership, etc., they drifted away from their Lord.

There are two types of people in the world, (i) those who are on the right path, (ii) those who have drifted away from the right path.

People who drifted away from the right path are those (i) who do not believe in the existence of God; (ii) who ascribe partners for Him and (iii) who believe in multiplicity of Gods.

It is in Quran - ‘Allah (SWT) is pure from all those things for which atheists indulge in polytheism’. (At-Toor – 2).

In addition, (i) those who claim divinity in creatures; (ii) those who claim divine attributes associated with creatures; (iii) those who ascribe a body form to Him and (iv) those who believe that He has hands, ears, eyes, etc., have also been drifted away from the right path.

It is in Quran - ‘Allah (SWT) is very much pure and highly exalted from the imperfections these ignorant people claim for Him’. (Bani Isreal – 34).

What is the right belief in Islamic Monotheism or unification (Tawheed)?

The issue of Islamic monotheism (Tawheed) is very clear. There cannot be two opinions about it. The question is the perception (observation) of an individual. The understanding of the facts of things is dependent upon individual perceptions.



(Part – 5)


If we are interested to know details about a thing, like our human body, which is one of the illimitable creations of Allah (SWT), it requires special education, specific skills and years of dedicated research under competent scholars. Imagine the complexities in knowing details about Allah (SWT) and this Cosmos. This is the reason many people developed strange theories which have nothing to do with Allah (SWT) or this Cosmos.

Correct faith about Allah (SWT) is an essential requirement for salvation on the Day of Judgment. If you are mislead by unrelated philosophies developed by people who are blind (at heart) and are under veil from their Lord in this World, you run the risk of rejection by Allah (SWT) on the Day of Judgment. It is in Quran - ‘It is never (as they consider it to be); rather they will be under veil from their Lord (they will not be able to see their Sustainer on the Day of Judgment)’. (Al-Mutaffifeen – 15).

O’ Allah (SWT), kindly reveal the facts of things, as they are, and keep us Muslim while dying and unite us with the group of righteous people for the sake of the happiness of your devoted beloved Prophet Mohammed (SAWS). Ameen.

It is in Hadith, Mohamammed Rasulullah (SAWS) said, ‘Allah (SWT) was Hidden Treasure; then He wanted to be known; therefore, He created this Cosmos’. This Hadith is accepted by all Islamic Sects.

There are three aspects of this Hadith : (i) Allah (SWT) was Hidden Treasure, (ii) then, He wanted to be known, and (iii) therefore, He created this Cosmos. These aspects show the sequence of events unfolded in the shape of this cosmos.

Allah (SWT) was ‘Hidden Treasure’ (Kanzan Makhfiyan ) – This is our first understanding of Allah’s (SWT) Existence. The definition of this state is clearly stated in the Holy Quran. ‘Say O’Prophet Allah (SWT) is one. Allah (SWT) is independent. He does not have children. Nobody has given birth to him. Nobody can match Him or equal Him”. (Al-Ikhlas - 1- 4).

There is nothing earlier than or after Allah’s (SWT) Being (existence). It is in Quran - ‘He is the First, and the Last, He is the Manifest (apparent) and the Immanent (hidden and actually present through out the material world) and is the knower of all things’. (Al-Hadeed – 3).

Various terms are used to simplify the meaning of ‘Hidden Treasure’. In this article, we will use only two terms, (i) Absolute Unity, and (2) Absolute Being, as these are widely accepted and famous terms.

Allah (SWT) is independent. Everything in this cosmos is dependent upon Him. There is nothing which can equal him or match Him. He is absolutely one and whatever is there in the Cosmos has been derived from Him.

What is the meaning of ‘everything has been derived from Him’ ?

Every thing in the cosmos, from the invisible micro organism to the huge stars, including human beings, all are manifestations of Allah (SWT). Meaning, the Absolute Being has the capacity to manifest ( become visible ) in various shapes and forms.

Will it mean that every thing is God?

No, it is not like that. There is difference between the Divinity (Uloohiyat) of Allah (SWT) and the manifestations of His Being.

Divinity is the attribute of Allah (SWT), who is the ‘essence of all existence’ in the cosmos. The Shapes and forms in this cosmos are creatures.

We are creatures and our attribute is ‘servant hood’. You, we or anything in this cosmos, though is the manifestation of His existence, but not God. The real worshipable God (Ilah) is Allah (SWT) who is the source of our existence. This is denoted in Islamic Cradle Testimony (Kalima Tayyiba) - There is no (real) God, but Allah (SWT), and Mohammed (SAWS) is the messenger of Allah (SWT).

We are born, we grow old and die. Similar is the case with planets, trees and everything in this cosmos. Scientist say that the crust of Sun is burning at certain speed and one day it will turn into dark ash and vanish into oblivion.

It is in Quran - ‘All that there is in the Cosmos shall vanish. The Countenance (stand alone) of your Lord (by Himself) shall endure, the Lord of Majesty and Glory’. (Ar-Rahman – 26-27).

All things in this cosmos remain for a specific period of time and vanish. If they were all gods, they would have lived indefinitely.

Please explain how do we understand the following verses of Holy Quran?

(xi) Allah (SWT) is the light (existence) of the Heavens and Earth’. (An-Noor -35).

(xii) ‘Allah (SWT) is the Manifest (apparent) and the Immanent (hidden - but actually present through out the material world) and He is the knower of all things’. (Al-Hadeed – 3).

(xiii) Whichever side you turn, you will find Allah (SWT); Verily ( in truth ) Allah – (SWT) is Omnipresent (existing everywhere every moment) and Omniscient ( infinitely wise ). ( Al-Baqra – 115 ).

(xiv) He is in your own self, will you not then see’. (Az-Zariyat – 21).


As we have described above, there are three aspects of the Hadith : (i) Allah (SWT) was Hidden Treasure, (ii) then, He wanted to be known, and (iii) therefore, He created this Cosmos. These aspects show the sequence of events unfolded in the shape of this cosmos.

As has been described above, the first perception (understanding) of Allah (SWT) is known as ‘Absolute Unity’. In this perception, His attributes and His creatures are not taken into account. He is one and one all the way. His Being does not contain elements. He is not a compound. It is in Quran – ‘Say O’Prophet (SAWS), Allah (SWT) is one’ (Al-Ikhlas – 1)

The second aspect as per the Hadith is, ‘ He wanted to be known ’. Known to whom? Obviously He wanted to be known to His creatures. Where were the creatures? The creatures were their in His knowledge.

Since the Being of Allah (SWT) is ‘Manifest’ (apparent – Zaher), He wanted His creatures to become ‘apparent’ so that they recognize Him, praise His omnipotent Majesty and Worship Him.

It is in Quran – ‘ All praise is for Allah (WT) who is the cherisher of all Worlds. Who is most Beneficent and Most Merciful. The Lord of the Day of Retribution. We pray (worship) You (our servitude is only for You) and seek help from You only. Lead us to the straight path. The path of those whom You have awarded Your bestowal. And not the path of those who have been subjected to your Wrath and the path of those who have gone astray’. (Al-Fatiha – 1-7).

Carpenter knows in his mind how the table will look like and what will be its dimensions and color etc. Then he crafts it and sees the table and appreciates its beauty. Look, knowing in mind (knowledge) is different from seeing it in working condition on the floor of Office. The table is existed in the shape of a ‘fact’ in carpenter’s mind. When he crafted it, it came into external existence. Similarly, we all were there in Allah’s (SWT) knowledge as individual ‘facts’. When He wanted to bring us out into external existence, He commanded ‘Be’, and there we were (born). The entire cosmos is within the expanse of Divine Knowledge. Many things are manifest, many more will become manifest (come into external existence) at their appropriate time. Whatever it is, there is nothing outside Allah’s knowledge. Allah’s (SWT) knowledge is encircling us in all directions.

Allah (SWT) knew about Himself ( His potentialities or attributes) as well as knew about each of His creation. These two aspects are known as (i) Facts of Allah (SWT), and (ii) Facts of creatures.

What are Facts of Allah (SWT)?

There are 7 basic attributes of Allah (SWT). (i) ‘Life’, meaning He is alive (Hayyi). (ii) Knowledge, meaning He is knowledgeable (Aleem). (iii) ‘ Seeing’ , meaning Allah (SWT) sees (Baseer) every thing in this cosmos. (iv) ‘Hearing’, meaning Allah (SWT) hears (Same’e) whatever supplications we do. (v) ‘Speech’, meaning Allah (SWT) commands (Kaleem). (vi) ‘Omnipotent’ (Qadeer), meaning Allah (SWT) is all powerful, and ‘Will’ (irada), meaning Allah wills before creating His creatures.

It is in Quran -

(i) Allah (SWT) - There is no god but He, the alive, the Self-subsisting, Eternal. No slumber can seize Him nor sleep. Whatever is in the Heavens and whatsoever is in the Earth belongs to Him. (Al-Baqara – 255).

(ii) Allah (SWT) is ‘Hearer’, ‘Knower’ (Al-Baqara – 256).

(iii) ‘Allah (SWT) is all-embracing, ‘all knowing’. (Al-Baqara – 115).

(iv) ‘Allah (SWT), only Allah (SWT) is ‘Mighty’ and ‘Wise’ ( Al-Baqara – 129)

(v) ‘And a thing We (Allah-SWT) ‘ Will ’ (to create), We only ‘Say’ ‘Be’, and there it is (it comes into existence)’. (An-Nahl – 40).


When we take into consideration the attributes of Allah (SWT), His names are derived. Name is the combination of the Unity of Allah (SWT) and His attribute. Like Wisdom (Hikmah) is Allah’s (SWT) attribute, and Wise (Hakeem) is His name. Similarly, Mercy is His attribute and ‘Merciful’ (Raheem) and ‘Compassionate’ (Rahman) are His names. In the same way, ‘knowledge’ is His attribute and ‘Knowledgeable (Aleem) is His name. There are 99 famous names of Allah (SWT). Please refer related books for details.

It is in Quran – ‘Call upon Allah (SWT), or call upon Rahman: by whatever name you call upon Him, ( it is well ) for, to Him belong the Most Beautiful Names’. (Al-Isra – 110).

What is the meaning of name of Allah (SWT)?

Names signify various potentialities of Allah (SWT). Like ‘Sustainer’ (Rab). This potentiality of Allah (SWT) sustains all that is there in Heavens and Earth. Allah (SWT) is Sustainer, and we are ‘Sustainables’. Allah (SWT) is permanent, independent, self subsisting and eternal. We are temporary, contingent and dependent servants.

It is in Quran - ‘His authority spreads over the heavens and Earth and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them (His creatures), for He is the Most High, the Supreme (in glory)’. (Al-Baqara – 255).

What are facts of creatures?

From the tiny invisible particles (like proton, electron) to the mighty stars and heavens, everything is to known to Allah (SWT) prior to their creation. He created them with His prior knowledge. Individual facts of these creatures along with their individual characteristics were their in Allah’s (SWT) knowledge.

It is in Quran – ‘And a thing, We (Allah-SWT) Will (to create), We only Say ‘Be’, and there it is (it comes into existence)’. (An-Nahl – 40).

When Allah (SWT) wants to create a thing, He looks at its ‘fact’ which is there in His knowledge and commands ‘Be’, and there it comes into existence. This is external existence of that fact (thing).

Before the command of ‘Be’, the things were in internal existence or in Allah’s (SWT) knowledge. Internal or external existence, both are within the Knowledge of Almighty.

Why the things are seen by us only in external existence and not seen when they are in Allah’s (SWT) knowledge?

When Allah (SWT) commands ‘Be’ to a fact, a contact with Allah’s potentiality of being ‘Apparent’ is established and we become noticeable. Our facts in Allah’s (SWT) knowledge can be seen only by Him. Generally, there is no access for us to see those facts. It is in Quran - ‘And they (Humans) will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills”. (Al-Baqara – 255).

The whole cosmos is not separately independently existing on its own. Every moment, every instant, we require Allah’s (SWT) assistance to survive in the world. It is in Quran - ‘ No slumber can seize Allah (SWT) nor sleep’. (Al-Baqara – 255). It is His perpetual attention towards us that keeps us going. His Unity is encircling us from all sides. No one is outside the circle of His knowledge. This is the meaning of the verse, ‘wherever we turn, we find Allah (SWT) only’. Indeed He is nearer to us than our jugular vein.

What is the meaning of the following verses?

(i) (When Adam –AS body was created, Allah –SWT says) I breathed something (into it) out of My Soul’ (Al-Hijr – 29).

(ii) [For Jesus Christ (Isa –AS), Allah - SWT says] ‘And when you make a bird-like shape from the mud and blow into it your breath and it gets to life on My behest’. (Al-Ma’ida – 110).

It is giving life. What is the meaning of giving life? It is the reflection of Allah’s (SWT) Being on the fact of the creature. No sooner the command of ‘Be’ is given, the thing appears in a specific shape.

What is the meaning of reflection of Allah’s (SWT) Being?

It is in Quran - ‘ He is the Manifest (apparent) and the Immanent (hidden - but actually present through out the material world) and He is the knower of all things ’ . (Al-Hadeed – 3).

The reflection of Allah’s (SWT) Being means, the connection of the fact of the creature with Allah’s (SWT) potentiality of being ‘Apparent’.

Allah (SWT) is Manifest (apparent). When He reflects this potentiality on the fact of a creature, it also becomes apparent or it comes into life (for a specific period of time). This is the reason our world is known as ‘the World of manifestation ’ ( Aalam-e-Shahadat ).

The World of Manifestation (physical world) is made up of matter. To appear in this world, our souls (Arwah) needed bodies of matter, which were provided to us. After our death, these bodies have to remain here. This is the reason our bodies are buried under the ground in this world. Later they get decomposed and become part of earth.

After our deaths, we are required to move to another world which is known as ‘Hereafter’ or ‘world after death’. The world after death is also made up of matter. But that matter is different from ours. When we move there, we are provided with another body made up of that matter. Our shapes remain the same in both these worlds. A formal contact between the dead and the alive remains via their graves. It is in Hadith, Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) said ‘when you go the graves of the dead, say ‘Assalamu alaikum ya ahlal quboor’ – meaning ‘peace be upon you O’ people of graves’. When we meet each other in this world also, we are required to say ‘Assalamu Alaikum’, meaning peace be upon you. This greeting is returned by ‘Wa’alaikum Assalam’, meaning, peace be upon you too.

Our existence is the gift of Allah (SWT). He has given us our life, He has provided us our bodies as per the requirements of this physical world. We will die when our life time is over. Everything came out of His Being and it will eventually return there. This is the meaning of the verse - ‘He is the light or existence of everything in this cosmos?

Please tell us in brief and simple terms what is true Islamic monotheism?

It is in Prophet’s (SAWS) Hadith (accepted by all Muslims) . ‘One who knew about himself, without doubt he knew about his Sustainer (Allah –SWT)’.

One who considers the Unity of Allah (SWT) as the source of all manifestation, meaning, he considers the real source to be the Unity of Allah (SWT) and gains Allah’s (SWT) visualization in such a way that he considers himself a place of manifestation of the Being and sees the reflection of His Being ( Wajood-e-Elahi ) on the facts of creatures; certainly he recognizes his Sustainer (Rab). This is the meaning of above Prophet’s (SAWS) Hadith ; and also this is the meaning of Hadith of Ihsan in which Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) said - ‘ you worship Allah (SWT) seeing Him, and in case you fail to see Him, do your prayer knowing fully well that He is seeing you’. This is true Islamic monotheism explained to us by Prophet Mohammad (SAWS). Other than this, is philosophy invented by ignorant scholars.

Let us consider an example. Is water a real thing? General people will say that, yes, definitely, it is a real thing. We drink it and use it for our various needs. Ask a Chemist? He will say that it is a compound ( meaning a thing in thought) , the real thing is hydrogen and oxygen, its elements, with which it is made. Ask a philosopher? He will say that the real thing is matter. First it was in the shape of gasses, and now it is in the shape of liquid. All these people are looking at the same thing, but their perception and understanding is different as per their abilities. The flight of materialistic philosophers is up to this extent only.

Now, you ask a Real Muslim Monotheist whose vision is always focused on Allah (SWT). He will say that ‘ water is the manifestation of Allah’s (SWT) Being (Existence)’. It is in Quran – ‘Allah (SWT) is the light (existence) of Heavens and Earth’. (An-Noor -35).